Kerberos authentication#

Trino can be configured to enable Kerberos authentication over HTTPS for clients, such as the Trino CLI, or the JDBC and ODBC drivers.

To enable Kerberos authentication for Trino, Kerberos-related configuration changes are made on the Trino coordinator.

Using TLS and a configured shared secret is required for Kerberos authentication.

Environment configuration#

Kerberos services#

You will need a Kerberos KDC running on a node that the Trino coordinator can reach over the network. The KDC is responsible for authenticating principals and issuing session keys that can be used with Kerberos-enabled services. KDCs typically run on port 88, which is the IANA-assigned port for Kerberos.

MIT Kerberos configuration#

Kerberos needs to be configured on the Trino coordinator. At a minimum, there needs to be a kdc entry in the [realms] section of the /etc/krb5.conf file. You may also want to include an admin_server entry and ensure that the Trino coordinator can reach the Kerberos admin server on port 749.

    kdc =
    admin_server =


The complete documentation for krb5.conf is hosted by the MIT Kerberos Project. If you are using a different implementation of the Kerberos protocol, you will need to adapt the configuration to your environment.

Kerberos principals and keytab files#

The Trino coordinator needs a Kerberos principal, as do users who are going to connect to the Trino coordinator. You need to create these users in Kerberos using kadmin.

In addition, the Trino coordinator needs a keytab file. After you create the principal, you can create the keytab file using kadmin

> addprinc -randkey trino@EXAMPLE.COM
> addprinc -randkey trino/
> ktadd -k /etc/trino/trino.keytab trino@EXAMPLE.COM
> ktadd -k /etc/trino/trino.keytab trino/


Running ktadd randomizes the principal’s keys. If you have just created the principal, this does not matter. If the principal already exists, and if existing users or services rely on being able to authenticate using a password or a keytab, use the -norandkey option to ktadd.

Configuration for TLS#

When using Kerberos authentication, access to the Trino coordinator must be through TLS and HTTPS.

System access control plugin#

A Trino coordinator with Kerberos enabled probably needs a System access control plugin to achieve the desired level of security.

Trino coordinator node configuration#

You must make the above changes to the environment prior to configuring the Trino coordinator to use Kerberos authentication and HTTPS. After making the following environment changes, you can make the changes to the Trino configuration files.

Kerberos authentication is configured in the coordinator node’s file. The entries that need to be added are listed below.









Authentication type for the Trino coordinator. Must be set to KERBEROS.


The Kerberos service name for the Trino coordinator. Must match the Kerberos principal.


The Kerberos hostname for the Trino coordinator. Must match the Kerberos principal. This parameter is optional. If included, Trino uses this value in the host part of the Kerberos principal instead of the machine’s hostname.


The location of the keytab that can be used to authenticate the Kerberos principal.


The location of the Kerberos configuration file.


Enables HTTPS access for the Trino coordinator. Should be set to true.


HTTPS server port.


The location of the Java Keystore file that is used to secure TLS.


The password for the keystore. This must match the password you specified when creating the keystore.


Regex to match against user. If matched, user will be replaced with first regex group. If not matched, authentication is denied. Default is (.*).


File containing rules for mapping user. See User mapping for more information.


Kerberos is typically sensitive to DNS names. Setting this property to use FQDN ensures correct operation and usage of valid DNS host names.

See Standards supported for a discussion of the supported TLS versions and cipher suites.

At a minimum, an file must contain an property. All other configuration is specific for the implementation being configured. See System access control for details.

User mapping#

After authenticating with Kerberos, the Trino server receives the user’s principal which is typically similar to an email address. For example, when alice logs in Trino might receive By default, Trino uses the full Kerberos principal name, but this can be mapped to a shorter name using a user-mapping pattern. For simple mapping rules, the http-server.authentication.krb5.user-mapping.pattern configuration property can be set to a Java regular expression, and Trino uses the value of the first matcher group. If the regular expression does not match, the authentication is denied. For more complex user-mapping rules, see User mapping.


Getting Kerberos authentication working can be challenging. You can independently verify some of the configuration outside of Trino to help narrow your focus when trying to solve a problem.

Kerberos verification#

Ensure that you can connect to the KDC from the Trino coordinator using telnet:

$ telnet 88

Verify that the keytab file can be used to successfully obtain a ticket using kinit and klist

$ kinit -kt /etc/trino/trino.keytab trino@EXAMPLE.COM
$ klist

Java keystore file verification#

Verify the password for a keystore file and view its contents using Inspect and validate keystore.

Additional Kerberos debugging information#

You can enable additional Kerberos debugging information for the Trino coordinator process by adding the following lines to the Trino jvm.config file:
-Dlog.enable-console=true enables Kerberos debugging output from the JRE Kerberos libraries. The debugging output goes to stdout, which Trino redirects to the logging system. -Dlog.enable-console=true enables output to stdout to appear in the logs.

The amount and usefulness of the information the Kerberos debugging output sends to the logs varies depending on where the authentication is failing. Exception messages and stack traces can provide useful clues about the nature of the problem.

See Troubleshooting Security in the Java documentation for more details about the flag, and Troubleshooting for more details about the Java GSS-API and Kerberos issues.

Additional resources#

Common Kerberos Error Messages (A-M)

Common Kerberos Error Messages (N-Z)

MIT Kerberos Documentation: Troubleshooting